One of the first and major ways is that in adult court, you usually have the right to a jury trial. In juvenile court, there aren’t jury trials, so you go before a judge and the judge is both the trier of fact or the jury and the trier of law, so he also acts as the judge. Another major way is just jurisdiction. If you’re 15 and you’re placed on probation, they can have jurisdiction over you for even a misdemeanor until you’re 19, say there’s a lot of restitution. Whereas in adult court, you might only be on probation for a year for a misdemeanor. Felony court, maybe you’re convicted of something that has a 15-year maximum. Obviously in juvenile court you can’t be sentenced to that 15-year maximum because their jurisdiction ends when you’re 19.

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